We approach the phase where an aspirant has gone through all stages of exam and is yet to clear another- the medical test. Most aspirants worry about every minuscule criterion that is enlisted randomly all over the articles for civil services preparation. However, there is no worry as different services have different Physical Eligibility criteria. In this article we will share with you Physical And Medical Eligibility Criteria For UPSC Exams.
“Healthy citizens are the greatest asset any country can have.”Winston Churchill
UPSC has divided the requirements according to requirements into two lists of services-
Technical services which include
- Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
- Indian Police Service (IPS)
- Delhi Andaman and Nicobar Police Service (DANIPS)
- Pondicherry Police Service (PONDIPS)
- Railway Protection Force (RPF)
Non-technical services includes
- Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
- Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
- Indian Audit & Accounts Service ( IA&AS)
- Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
- Indian Civil Accounts Service
- Indian Railway Accounts Service
- Indian Railway Personnel Service
- Indian Defense Accounts Service
- Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax)
- Indian Ordinance Factories Services
- Indian Postal Service
- Indian Defense Estates Service
- Indian Postal & Telegraph Accounts and Finance Service
- Indian Corporate Law Services
- Indian Information Service
- Indian Trade Service
- Armed Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) Civil Service
The candidate, who after such medical examination as the Central Government or the Appointing Authority, by and large, may endorse, is found not to fulfill these prerequisites, won’t be selected. All candidates those who are called for the Personality Test/interview by the Union Public Service Commission may be required to appear for medical examination and this is mandatory. Thus Medical examination is one of the most important factors for allocation of service and therefore completion of medical examination expeditiously is essential for timely and smooth service allocation.
The candidate will be intimated to present themselves before the Central Standing Medical Board (CSMB) constituted for conducting a medical examination for determination of a candidate’s mental and physical status and based on this determination a candidate will be recommended as fit or unfit for all services are temporarily unfit or unfit for technical services
The tests that are conducted are-
- Blood test and Urine Test
- Blood Pressure
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Hearing Ability
- Lungs and Heart Health
- Standard Height and Weight
Download: UPSC Prelims Question Paper (2014-2019)
Physical Eligibility for Indian Administrative Service
- Height and weight standards- Usually there are no restrictions on height, weight, chest girth requirements for IAS aspirants as it does not belong to technical services. In case of any disproportionality of measurements in height, weight, chest girth, the candidate can get hospitalized for investigation and chest X-ray will be taken.
- Vision- Candidates must have proper vision. People with quint are perfectly fit for the service as binocular vision is not mandatory for it belongs to non-technical services. A candidate wearing corrective glasses, who have undergone refractive surgery like LASIK, IOL, ICL, etc. are also not restrained. Only those who have myopia with macular degenerative changes are declared unfit for IAS. Low-grade colour vision and night blindness are also not the criteria that will stop you.
- Blood pressure- Over 140/90, blood pressure should be subjected to further testing in the hospital to ascertain whether the abnormal BP is temporary due to excitement, etc. and not an indication of any disease. Only candidates free from any complication of hypertension will be declared fit for service.
- Diabetes Mellitus- Before getting tested, you asked to fast for 8 to 10 hours straight so that no sugar can be found in your blood or you might be declared unfit for the service.
- Hearing ability- Hearing ability in each ear should be ‘good.’ If there are any defects or diseases, further tests are done to check if it can be cured in the future. By hearing aid or operations.
- Pregnant female candidates will be fit.
- Candidates’ teeth should be in ‘good order’.
- Lung and heart health- The heart and lungs of the candidate should be fine according to the standards.
- There should not be any abdominal disease.
- The feet, hands and limbs are well-formed and there should be no restriction on joint movements.
- There should not be any congenital malformation or defect.
- There should not be any sign of acute or chronic disease indicating an impaired constitution.
- Candidates should bear marks of efficient vaccination.
- The candidates should not have any communicable diseases.
- Candidates with grade I haemorrhoids are declared fit as well.
- Diseases like hernia, varicose veins, hydrocele, haemorrhoids, etc. are declared temporarily unfit and should be declared fit after successful surgery.
- Candidates with benign tumours are declared fit. But if the tumour is malignant at the time of entry to service, they are declared unfit.
- Candidates with transplanted organs are declared unfit. An exception is made only for a corneal transplant.
Physical eligibility criteria for Indian Foreign Service
The criteria for IFS are just the same as it is for another Non-technical service mentioned above, i.e., IAS.
Physical Eligibility for Indian Police Service
IPS belongs to the Non-technical set of services. So there are a different set of Physical Eligibility criteria enlisted for candidates according to their gender and ethnicity.
- For females, a minimum requirement of height is 145 cm (except SC/OBC), whereas for males it should be 165 cm (except SC/OBC- 160 cm)
- The chest measurement should be a minimum of 79 cm for females and 84 cm for males with an expansion of 5 cm
- Eyesight for females must be 6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye and near vision J1 for good eye, J2 for worst eye. Whereas for males, 6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye. They should have high standard colour vision as well as no night blindness. Vision has to be stereoscopic. If there are defects that are treatable and can be operated, the candidate is accepted.
- Blood pressure (high) should be as follows–
- Women must not be pregnant at the time of the medical test.
- Must not have a flat foot
- Must have good listening and normal ear cavity; 1000-4000 frequency hearing impairment should not be more than 30 decibels
- Candidate should not stutter while speaking
- Should be able to run 2.5 kilometres in 15 minutes
- Push-ups, pull-ups – 20, sit-ups- 20
- Rope climbing 3 meters per minute
Criteria for Physically handicapped candidates
- Only candidates who have a disability of 40% or above are eligible for such reservation.
- PH candidates must submit a Disability Certificate issued by a Medical Board constituted by the Central or State government.
- This Medical Board should consist of at least three members. And, one of the members should be a specialist in a particular area of disability (locomotor/hearing/visual, etc.).
- For PH candidates there are certain functional requirements in each service mentioned in the list of services by the UPSC. Even after clearing the UPSC CSE, you must satisfy the functional requirements in the service to be allocated to you.
- After the medical examination, the board will issue a permanent disability certificate in case of permanent disability. The medical examination details would be made available to the candidate by post at the address given to the board by him/her. The report would also be accessible at the webpage on the UPSC website to the candidate through a password within 7 working days of completion of the medical examination.
Download: NCERT Books
Physical And Functional Requirements
|Name of the Service||Category||Physical Requirement||Functional Classification|
|Indian Administrative Service||Locomotor Disability||BA, OA, OL, BH, BL, MW, BLA, OAL, BLOA||S, ST, W, SE, H, RW, C|
|–||Hearing Impairment||PD, FD||MF, L, PP, BN, KC, ST, W, H, C, RW|
|–||Visual Impairment||LV, B||MF, L, PP, BN, KC, ST, W, H, C, RW|
|Indian Foreign Service||Locomotor Disability||OA, OAL, OL||S, ST, W, C, RW, SE, MF|
|–||Visual Impairment||LV||SE, RW |
The codes are explained below-
|Code||Physical Requirements||Code||Functional Classification|
|MF||Manipulation by Finger||OL||One Leg|
|PP||Pushing and Pulling||OAL||One Arm One Leg|
|BN||Bending||BLA||Both Legs and Arms|
|L||Lifting||BLOA||Both Legs One Arm|
|KC||Kneeling and Crouching||BL||Both Legs|
|RW||Reading and Writing||LV||Low Vision|
How To Solve Problems Faced During Medical Tests?
There can be errors and issues that you can face during medical tests. It can be a small error that may declare you to unfit in a certain manner by the Central Standing Medical Board If you are against the findings of the CSMB, in that case, you have the right to file an appeal to the Secretary of Department of Personnel and Training of CSMB, following which the second round of medical tests for which candidate has to pay will be performed and the errors can be rectified then. They can file the appeal in 21 days for constituting a medical board to re-examine them for medical deficiencies in the original exam.
Precautions During Medical Test
- The candidate should come fasting for 10 hours or more on the day of Medical Examination.
- They shouldn’t come without taking any medicine upon the arrival of Medical Examination.
- If the candidates are using spectacles, Hearing Aid should bring the same with the prescription for the same.
- If the applicant is utilizing Contact Lenses, they are encouraged to quit utilizing them no less than 48 hours before the medical examination.
- The Candidate ought to bring along with records of any surgical procedure he/she has experienced before.
- The candidate those who are belonging to Physical Handicapped (PH) category is advised to bring along the appliances being used by him/her and should bring along the ‘Disability Certificate’, if any, issued to him/her by any Disability Medical Board in the past.
- All candidates with pregnancy will be fit for all types of services, except-the services which require/physical training. Those requiring or physical training will be declared ‘Fit’ after confinement.
- Before approaching the Central Standing Medical Board for medical examination, the candidates are expected to prepare themselves well in advance to avoid any adverse and unfriendly outcomes. Stay safe.
- Working out a few weeks or months before the calendar of the medical examination, especially if you are opting for IPS gives you favourable outcomes.
If you have any doubts regarding the Physical and Medical Eligibility Criteria for UPSC Exams, you can ask your doubts in the comments section.